Turismo

PERMA Model of Well-Being Applied to Portuguese Senior Tourists: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis

Abstract: Tourism has been affirmed as an activity that promotes health and well-being. The present study aims to present a confirmatory analysis of the PERMA model in a sample of Portuguese senior tourists who visited the island of São Miguel (Azores). After approval of the study by the ethics committee (reference 6/2022), a Sociodemographic Questionnaire, PERMA Profiler, and Life Satisfaction Scale—SWLS were applied to 1083 senior tourists (≥55 years) of various nationalities. To evaluate the PERMA model for senior tourism in Portugal, a total of 434 senior tourists of Portuguese nationality were extracted from the sample. The results revealed that most of the participants attributed scores above the midpoint in the five dimensions of PERMA (positive emotions, engagement, relationships, meaning, accomplishment) and in the satisfaction with life scale. Using scale reliability analyses, we found that some of the dimensions in the PERMA model showed relatively low values both for Cronbach alpha and composite reliability. Several confirmatory structural equation models (single factorial, second order, and five factors) were calculated, as well as the usual adjustment measures, with the five-factor PERMA model presenting the best structure, although with a relatively low fit. The modification of the model by the weight of regressions between some of the items with larger covariances allowed a better adjustment: χ2(73) = 264.960, < 0.001, χ2/df = 3.63, CFI = 0.94, TLI = 0.91, IFI = 0.94; GFI = 0.92, RMSEA = 0.078, < 0.001. Although the results revealed that the experiences of senior tourists when visiting the island of São Miguel contributed significantly to their well-being and the modified model presented superior adjustment quality, future studies are suggested to evaluate the quality of the PERMA model applied to tourism.

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Senior Tourism in São Miguel Island – Azores: Proposal for a Religious and Cultural Route

Abstract. The archipelago of the Azores islands, comprising 9 islands in the Atlantic, has more than five hundred years of history, rich in cultural, natural, religious, architectonic, and intangible cultural heritage. The Azores islands, a travel destination holding a variety of awards (e.g., sustainability, biodiversity, safety, beauty, excellence, among others), is visited by millions of tourists every year, and senior tourism (55 years of age or older) was not an exception, making up over 25% of tourists. Information and communications technologies (ICTs), which are increasingly present in the daily life of generation W, contribute to the strategic innovation and (re)creation of tourism products in the Azores islands’ destination. The present paper aims to propose a religious and cultural route, based on a religious cult with more than three hundred years of existence which leads thousands of people (e.g., residents, immigrants, tourists) to the city of Ponta Delgada, on the 5th Sunday after Easter. Some of them are motivated by faith and devotion to Lord Holy Christ of Miracles while others are motivated by personal and cultural enrichment through contacting the habits and customs of the people from São Miguel Island. Using ICTs, we propose a tourist route that depicts the itinerary of the procession of Lord Holy Christ of Miracles, so that the senior tourist directly gets to know the cultural, religious, architectonic, and intangible heritage in a journey that starts in the 15th century until the 21st century. It is expected that the present route provides the senior tourist with a memorable experience that promotes well-being.

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Realidade Aumentada e a Inovação das Experiências Turísticas: Uma Revisão Integrativa

Resumo: A realidade aumentada (RA) tem sido considerada como uma tecnologia inovadora para a atividade turística. O objetivo foi do presente estudo, foi o de compreender qual a utilização da RA nas experiências turísticas. Através de três bases de dados (b-on, EBSCO e Web of Science) pesquisaram-se publicações em texto integral com revisão de pares entre os anos 2015 e 2020. Após leitura integral excluíram-se treze artigos, em que somente onze cumpriram os critérios de inclusão. Os resultados revelam que a maioria dos estudos, analisam quais os fatores que levam o turista a utilizar a RA; uma elevada preocupação sobre o uso desta tecnologia inovadora na divulgação dos produtos e serviços turísticos, e a falta de uma maior compreensão desta tecnologia inovadora no turismo. Aplicações de RA com um conteúdo robusto e de fácil acesso, têm um efeito direto e positivo na satisfação do turista. Estudos futuros devem analisar a relação entre a utilização da RA e o impacto desta tecnologia nas experiências hedónicas dos turistas.

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A Importância das Tecnologias de Informação e Comunicação no Turismo Sénior – Uma Revisão Sistemática

RESUMO: As tecnologias de informação e comunicação (TIC) revolucionaram o quotidiano das sociedades e o desenvolvimento da economia à escala mundial. No turismo, a transformação digital assume um papel central, contribuindo para a divulgação dos produtos e serviços turísticos, permitindo que os stakeholders e turistas usufruam dos benefícios da globalização e das mudanças sociais. O turismo sénior é considerado um sector em forte expansão e, como tal, importa compreender a importância que estes turistas atribuem a estas tecnologias. Através de uma pesquisa na base de dados b-on ScienceDirect, foram analisados artigos em texto integral, filtrando-os em várias etapas de forma a selecionar somente os que cumpriam os critérios de inclusão. A presente revisão sistemática de literatura ambiciona contribuir para a compreensão da utilização que os turistas seniores fazem das TIC. Em resultado deste processo, foi possível constatar a tendência crescente do recurso às TIC pelos turistas seniores, que se beneficiam de novas experiências. As TIC potenciam o marketing dos stakeholders, melhoram a comunicação com os turistas e promovem destinos turísticos mais sustentáveis e inteligentes, incluindo as mais inovadoras como a realidade aumentada.

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Senior Tourism Activities and Interests in the Azores as a Destination

Abstract. The development of senior tourism requires in-depth knowledge of this market segment in order to support the definition of appropriate policies for the promotion and enhancement of this sector. Knowing in detail the interests and activities made available at the destination and ascertaining those that were carried out and the degree of tourists’ satisfaction with them are some of the purposes of this study comprising a thousand tourists who visited the Azores destination. Based on the sociodemographic characteristics of the visitors, motives for traveling, among others, the existence of different profiles of senior tourists was set. It appears that the profiles of tourists differ according to the thematic areas linked to the activities carried out. Knowledge of the interests and activities for this market segment will help public and private entities to make appropriate and attractive products and services available to senior tourists.

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